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Important Ports in New Brunswick


Immigration to New-Brunswick.

Important facts.

It is estimated that 35,000 immigrants, almost all of whom were Irish, reached New-Brunswick in the years 1818 to 1826.

Between 1827 and 1835, 65,000 Irish immigrants are said to have reached this province.

During the Famine Years the numbers increased even more. In 1846 alone, 9,765 arrived and then record numbers in 1847 when 15,279 reached N.B. ports.

Because of the new Passenger Act introduced in 1816, vessels bound for New Brunswick ports could carry ten passengers for every three carried in shps to U.S. ports. As a result, ships sailing to Canada and N.B. carried the bulk of the immigrants bound for Boston, New York, and Philadelphia and often some of these immigrants remained where they landed.

Another reason why passages to New Bruswick were attractive to Irish immigrants was because of the Head Tax. New Brunswick did not have a Head Tax in the early years and later, in 1832 when New Brunswick finally introduced a Head Tax, it was only half that charged in American ports.

In the 1871 Census, the New-Brunswick population of Irish Origin was 100,639 with 47% Catholic and 53% Protestant.

IMMIGRATION / MIGRATION RECORDS

Atlantic Provinces, Canada

Lists of arrivals at Halifax and Quebec were kept from 1865.

A small number of passenger lists for immigrant ships coming to New Brunswick in 1816, 1833, 1834, 1837 and 1838 have survived. The index of passengers and crews, microfilms F17834, contains about 10 000 names.

In the years 1801 to 1845, the wedding of 3,000 Irish immigrants, giving their parents name and native parishes, were recorded in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

After 1867, to obtain land from the Colonial government, a settler had to make a formal application (petition). In these , can be found -place of origin, date of arrival in Canada, name of wife and children (age often given).

A computerized Land Records Index exists in Nova Scotia for the years 1780 to 1914. In New Brunswick, the records cover the years from 1783 to 1918. An index of some 67,000 names on films F13763 can be borrowed on interlibrary loan.
BR> Microfilm copies of birth records for 1801 to 1899 and marriages and death records for 1888 to 1919 are available at the Archives. Birth records from 1899 to the present can be obtained from : Vital Statistics Branch, Department of Health and Community Services, PO Box 6000, Fredericton, NB, E3B 5H1 (small fee).


NEW BRUNSWICK

There are two main repositories in NB for genealogical records. 

The Archives Department of NB Museum (NBM) 277 Douglas Avenue, St-John, New-Brunswick
Provincial Archives of NB (P.A.N.B.) PO Box 6000 Fredericton, NB, E3B 5H1
In the above can be found, government and family records, genealogical sources for the entire province, including census , land, probate, church and cemetery records; records of births, marriages and deaths; newspapers, local histories and reference library.


NOVA SCOTIA


                          Public Archives of Nova Scotia
                          6016 University Avenue
                          Halifax, NS, B3H 1W4


Here are found - official records, family business paper, charts, pictures, microfilms, files of leading newspapers, marriages (1864-1910), births and deaths (1864-1877)

                           NS Legislative Library
                           Province House
                           Halifax, NS, B3J 2P8 


PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

Confederation Center Public Library Box 7000 Charlottetown, PE, C1A 8G8

Public Archives of PE Box 1000 Charlottetown, PE


NEWFOUNDLAND

Newfoundland Public Archives Colonial Building St Johns, NFLD. A1C 2C9


BOOKS

1. Genealogical Research in Nova Scotia by: Terrence M Punch Halifax, Petheric Press: 1978

Gives information on Resources at the Publics Archives of NS -census, poll taxes, wills and deeds etc. and Provincial Historical Societies and Museums, index of Surnames etc.

                         2. Irish Records
                            by: James G. Ryan, PhD
                            Flyleaf Press Ireland
Resources guide in all of Ireland. This guide lists available records for each County in Ireland.

3. New Ireland Remembered edited by: P.M.Toner New Ireland Press 217 Aberdeen Street Fredericton, New Brunswick E3B 1R6
Historical Essays on the Irish in New Brunswick